What types of storms produce wind-related fatalities?

Joseph Schoen and Walker Ashley, A climatology of fatal convective wind events by storm type, Weather and Forecasting, doi.10.1175/2010WAF2222428.1

High winds associated with both tornadic and nontornadic thunderstorms are a significant threat to life and property in the United States. Using output from National Weather Service Doppler radar, the authors classify thunderstorms into four categories based on structure (cellular or linear) and level of organization (unorganized/quasi-organized/organized). All U.S. fatalities related to convective wind between 1998 and 2007 were then analyzed using this continuum. While more than 90% of the 634 tornado deaths were associated with supercells, a variety of storm types accounted for the 191 other deaths. Nearly half of those were related to non-organized convection. Deaths resulting from nontornadic thunderstorm winds were most common in the afternoon hours and in two regions, the lower Great Lakes and mid-South. Tornado fatalities were most common in the mid-South and during the evening hours.

NORTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY