Hurricane waves and undersea stress

Hemantha Wijesekera, David Wang, William Teague, and Ewa Jarosz, High sea-floor stress induced by extreme hurricane waves, Geophysical Research Letters, 10.1029/2010GL043124

Using unique observations collected during the passage of Hurricane Ivan in 2004, the authors examine bottom stress due to currents and waves over the outer continental shelf in the Gulf of Mexico. The bottom stress was highly correlated with surface winds and dominated by wave-induced stresses, exceeding critical levels at depths of up to 90 meters (300 feet).  Such stresses could have significant impacts on undersea oil pipelines.