ASP

Corals and ocean temperature extremes - a past to future view - Dr. Kim Cobb, Gorgia Tech

Abstract:
The global-scale coral bleaching and mortality event that took place in 2016 brought into sharp relief the near-term impacts of continued ocean warming on global reefs. In this talk, Kim Cobb will use a large database of coral paleoclimate records to probe the history of ocean temperature extremes, from the pre-industrial to modern period. In doing so, she will place the 2016 global-scale coral bleaching and mortally event in a longer-term context, prior to discussing the implications of her findings for coral reefs in the coming decades.

ASP Thompson Lecture - Chasing a Giant –Reginald Sutcliffe and the invention of modern synoptic-dynamic meteorology

Please join us for the second ASP Thompson Lecture of 2018.

This seminar will feature Doctor Jonathan E. Martin from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, Dept. of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences.

ASP Thompson Lecture - Do you feel me? Investigating multi-scale interactions in the evolution of tropical convection

Dr. Deanna Hence
University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign

Small thunderstorms, squall lines, tropical cyclones; all of these systems, organized across a range of scales in both space and time, comprise the tropical convection that is the source of precipitation for the most highly populated regions of the world. While significant progress has been made in understanding tropical convective systems and their associated precipitation processes, the understanding and accurate prediction of their evolution remains elusive.

May 22, 11:00-12:00, FL2 1022

How the Land, Sea, Ice, and Mountains Move the Rain

ASP Thompson Lecture

Dargan Frierson - University of Washington

I’ll talk about research using idealized GCMs to pick apart the role of various factors in setting the rainfall distribution on Earth, including simple continents, mountain ranges, the ocean circulation, ice sheets, and vegetation.  The use of simple diffusive closures in the atmospheric energy budget is a common thread in this work.  These results highlight interconnections within the Earth system, including some new and unexpected long-range teleconnections.

ASP Seminar - Methane, Hydroxyl, and the Self-cleaning Capacity of the Atmosphere

Solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation energizes atmospheric photo-chemistry by generating highly reactive molecular fragments, the hydroxyl radicals (OH). These OH radicals are effective cleaning agents of the atmosphere as they oxidize many reduced compounds emitted by the biosphere and its humans.  The greenhouse gas methane (CH4) is one of these compounds, and its atmospheric mixing ratio has tripled in the last 200 years, having been nearly constant for the previous ½ million.

ASP Seminar - Climate Predictions and Projections in the Coming Decades: Uncertainty due to Natural Variability

Future climate change at local and regional scales will result from a combination of human and natural factors. In this talk I show that unpredictable, internally generated climate fluctuations make a substantial contribution to climate trends projected for the next 50 years over North America and Europe. Results are based on large ensembles of climate change integrations with the Community Earth System Model (CESM). I also will show that the large-scale atmospheric circulation is responsible for much of the diversity in climate change projections across the individual ensemble members.

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